(800) 689-8684
Get a Quote
Get a Quote

The 2023 Allied US Moving Migration Report

The 2023 Allied US Migration Report presents a detailed analysis of the current trends in interstate moves across the United States, highlighting significant patterns and underlying economic factors.

This year marked another decrease in the volume of interstate moves. Following the 20% decrease in 2022 compared to 2021, there was a further 12% decline in 2023 relative to the previous year. This continuous decline indicates a notable shift in migration patterns over the last two years.

National Movers Study

  • Total Inbound:

  • Total Outbound:

Allied Van Lines 2023 migration statistics

Top Inbound States in 2023

South Carolina
North Carolina

Top Outbound States in 2023


Key Takeaways From the Allied Magnet States Report

  • The sustained decrease in interstate moves over the past two years reflects a cautious approach in the face of economic uncertainties, particularly the high mortgage rates.
  • The preference for states like South Carolina and Arizona continues, driven by their lower cost of living and better job opportunities.
  • The high outbound rates from states like Illinois and California suggest ongoing challenges related to living costs and economic factors.
  • City-wise data indicates a preference for mid-sized cities that balance lifestyle and economic benefits.
  • The timing of moves suggests a preference for minimal disruption and aligns with seasonal patterns.

Economic Influences: The Role of Mortgage Rates

A key factor in this decline is the fluctuating mortgage interest rates. After hitting historic lows during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 and 2021, rates surged in 2022, reaching their highest levels since 2002. This upward trend continued in 2023, with rates oscillating between 6% and 7%. These high borrowing costs have likely deterred many potential homebuyers, impacting the overall number of interstate moves.

In addition to the fluctuating mortgage interest rates, several other economic factors have significantly influenced the 2023 migration trends in the United States:

  1. Rising Home Prices: The pandemic led to extraordinary growth in home values due to increased demand, rising building costs, and long-term supply constraints. The Case-Shiller U.S. National Home Price index indicated an 18.6 percent rise over 12 months, the strongest year-long growth in its history (source). This surge in home prices directly impacted the affordability of housing, especially in urban centers and high-demand states.

  2. Increased Rental Prices: Rental prices, initially falling during the pandemic, have recovered and now exceed pre-pandemic levels. This increase in rental costs has potentially contributed to the migration trends, as people seek more affordable living options (source).

  3. Housing Market Dynamics: The gap between supply and demand in the housing market widened significantly, with a 50 percent decline in the inventory of homes since February 2020. Such a marked reduction in available housing has likely influenced both the cost and the feasibility of moving, particularly in high-demand areas (source).

  4. Inflation and Household Wealth: Rising home prices not only affect affordability but also play a crucial role in overall inflation, which in turn impacts household wealth and neighborhood affordability. Given that shelter makes up nearly a third of the basket for the Consumer Price Index (CPI), even small increases in rent and home prices can have noticeable effects on overall inflation (source).

  5. National Median Home Prices: In 2023, national median home prices rose to $402,600, an 8.5% increase compared to the previous quarter. This rise in prices, coupled with increased monthly mortgage payments and rising family incomes necessary to qualify for mortgages, further illustrates the growing financial challenges faced by potential homebuyers (source).

Top Inbound Cities in 2023


Top Outbound Cities in 2023

San Diego
Los Angeles

Top Inbound States & Cities

The most attractive states for relocation in 2023 were South Carolina (65%), Arizona (61%), Tennessee (61%), North Carolina (60%), and Florida (52%). These states have consistently drawn new residents, which can be attributed to their favorable economic conditions, appealing climate, and growing job markets.

In terms of cities, Charleston, SC (70%) emerged as the top inbound city, followed by Tucson, AZ (70%) Charlotte, NC (68%), Nashville, TN (57%), and Phoenix, AZ (54%). These cities offer a blend of economic opportunities, lifestyle benefits, and, in many cases, a more relaxed pace of life.

Inbound Migration Trend Insights

South Carolina & Charleston, SC

South Carolina, with Charleston as its standout city, has become a top destination due to its combination of a growing job market, affordable cost of living, and a pleasant climate. The state's appeal is bolstered by its burgeoning tech sector and manufacturing growth, providing ample employment opportunities. Charleston, in particular, offers a rich cultural scene, historical attractions, and a strong sense of community, making it highly attractive for new residents.

Arizona & Tucson, AZ

Arizona's draw, with Tucson leading the way, can be attributed to its booming job market, particularly in tech and manufacturing. The state's relatively lower cost of living compared to California and its warm climate are significant draws. Tucson combines urban amenities with easy access to nature and outdoor activities, appealing to a diverse demographic.

Tennessee & Nashville, TN

Tennessee, with Nashville as a prime example, offers a mix of economic opportunity, no state income tax, and a vibrant cultural scene. Nashville, known for its music industry, has a growing healthcare sector and is increasingly becoming a hub for tech startups.

North Carolina & Charlotte, NC

North Carolina, with cities like Charlotte, has seen growth due to its diverse economy, which includes finance, tech, and healthcare sectors. The state also offers a blend of urban and outdoor lifestyles, appealing to young professionals and families.


Florida's appeal lies in its favorable tax policies, including no state income tax, warm climate, and diverse economic opportunities, ranging from tourism to aerospace.

Top Outbound States & Cities

On the other side of the spectrum, Illinois (64%), California (60%), Pennsylvania (57%), Michigan (57%), and Washington (55%) topped the list of outbound states. High living costs, economic challenges, and, in some cases, climate issues have contributed to this trend.

In terms of cities, San Diego (66%) led the outbound cities, along with Chicago, IL (64%), Seattle, WA (61%), Detroit, MI (60%), and Los Angeles, CA (60%). Factors such as the cost of living, job market conditions, and urban challenges like crime rates and congestion may have influenced these patterns.

Outbound Migration Trend Insights

Illinois & Chicago, IL

The departure of major companies like Boeing, Citadel, and Caterpillar has impacted Illinois, particularly Chicago. High living costs, taxes, and concerns about crime rates and urban challenges contribute to the outbound trend.


The exodus from California, including the relocation of companies like Oracle, Tesla, and Vrbo, can be linked to its high cost of living, stringent regulatory environment, and high taxes. Despite its strong economy and innovation hubs, these factors have compelled individuals and businesses to relocate.

Pennsylvania & Michigan

States like Pennsylvania and Michigan, despite their rich industrial histories, have faced challenges in transitioning their economies, leading to slower job growth and outbound migration.


Washington state, particularly Seattle, has experienced outbound migration due to high living costs and housing prices despite being a tech hub.

Preferred Times for Moving

The report also highlighted that the most popular days for moving were Fridays, followed by Wednesdays and Tuesdays. In terms of months, June, August, and July remained the peak times for relocation, coinciding with favorable weather and summer breaks.

In conclusion, the 2023 migration trends reveal a cautious approach to relocation, influenced significantly by economic factors, especially mortgage rates. Despite these challenges, certain states and cities continue to attract residents, driven by a combination of economic opportunities, affordability, and quality of life.


Data was provided for all interstate moves that were loaded from January 1, 2016 to December 15, 2023. To maintain comparability with the time frame covered in 2023, only moves loaded by December 15 of each year were included.


Shannon Steinberg